In anticipation of the awarding of the 2015 Ecuador Prize, more than 1,400 nominated organizations were invited to convey their message to world leaders on the impact of climate change on their communities. On 12 December, the parties agreed on a new global agreement on climate change. The agreement is a balanced outcome with an action plan to limit global warming “well below” 2 degrees Celsius. Our vision is based on inclusion and equity, ensuring action for all countries and realizing that it is the least developed countries and small island developing states that are most affected by the climate impact and most in need of support to adapt. The ECOFIN Council has adopted conclusions on climate finance. The agreement officially entered into force on 4 November 2016, a few days before COP22, and was ratified by 169 countries (including the European Union 28), which account for 87.75% of emissions. To combat climate change and its negative effects, 197 countries adopted the Paris Agreement at COP21 on 12 December 2015 in Paris. The agreement, which came into force less than a year later, aims to significantly reduce global greenhouse gas emissions and limit global temperature rise to 2 degrees Celsius this century, while continuing to limit the rise to 1.5 degrees. At COP21, UNDP will announce a new commitment to support countries` efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the effects of climate change. These include supporting the development of the use of clean and renewable energy, focusing more on forests and preventing deforestation, and increasing investment in climate change adaptation for countries that are already having an impact.
The Environment Council has adopted conclusions that define the EU`s position for the UN climate change conference to be held in Paris. Carole Dieschbourg, Minister of the Environment for Luxembourg, who holds the Presidency of the Council, said: “Today is a day where we can be proud. We agreed on the first legally binding and universal climate agreement, which puts the world on the right track to avoid dangerous climate change. It is a roadmap for a better, fairer and more sustainable world. The EU has fought to make this agreement as strong as possible. During these negotiations, we were able to build bridges. But let`s not forget that Paris is only the beginning of a long journey. Together with all stakeholders – NGOs, businesses and all citizens – we will now have the responsibility to translate this agreement into action.
As host and president of COP21, France is committed to supporting a multilateral negotiation process and listening to all stakeholders to reach an agreement: States parties are subject to certain legally binding rules, such as the requirement for developed countries to provide financial assistance to developing countries to enable them to implement the agreement. UNDP is well positioned to support partner countries in the post-COP21 “implementation period,” with a portfolio of more than 140 countries in the fight against climate change, for a total of more than $2.3 billion in grants. A universal agreement covering, developing and developing all countries, the COP21 climate agreement will serve as a starting point for long-term efforts to prevent global temperatures from rising by more than 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).