IPARD II is a special instrument to support rural development under the Pre-Accession Assistance Instrument II. This instrument allows the Republic of Serbia to count on an investment amount of 175 million euros for the period 2014-2020. In addition, pre-accession assistance is needed to comply with the general provisions relating to the management of the EU budget: the accreditation of the IPARD programme, in addition to the above measures, supports the following actions, i.e. investments under the IPARD II programme: the specific IPARD programmes for each country are developed by the national authorities and approved by the European Commission. The latest versions of IPARD programmes are available on national ipard websites. The specific provisions on the implementation of the PPI are contained in the interim agreements between the European Commission and the beneficiaries. In addition, the sectoral agreement signed between the European Commission and IPARD II countries contains detailed provisions for IPARD. The initial public appeal for the IPARD Fund was announced on 25 December 2017 as part of Measure M1: investments in farm property assets – acquisition of new machinery and equipment. The incentive rate is between 60 and 80%, depending on whether the applicant is a young farmer, whether the farm is located in the mountain area and whether the investment is in waste and wastewater management. The milk, meat, fruit, vegetable and other crops (some cereals and industrial facilities) were included. The amount of incentives a user can generate for the production of fruits, vegetables and other crops can be between 5,000 and 700,000 euros, while milk and meat producers can receive between 5,000 and 1,000,000 euros. The Commission has already submitted an IPA proposal for the period 2021-28. This support is intended for the implementation of the EU-approved IPARD II programme adopted by the Government of the Republic of Serbia.
Responsibility for the management and implementation of this program rests with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management and the Agricultural Payments Directorate. The aid is intended for direct beneficiaries, i.e. agricultural producers – legal entities and individuals. This programme is the preparation for the use of funds from the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (Feader). Finally, detailed transparent rules and procedures for IPARD national institutions are approved by the Commission for each measure, before starting funding agreements between the European Commission and IPARD II countries. Signing of the framework agreement between the Republic of Serbia and the European Commission on how to implement EU financial aid to the Republic of Serbia under the Pre-Accession Aid Instrument (IAP II) and the sectoral agreement on the management and implementation of EU financial aid to the Republic of Serbia under the policy pre-accession aid instrument “Agriculture and Development (IPARD) created.