The idea of creating the North American Free Trade Area was first proposed in 1980 by U.S. President Ronald Reagan as part of his presidential campaign. President Reagan`s proposal was inspired by the success of the European Economic CommunityEurozoneAll the countries of the European Union that have adopted the euro as their national currency form a geographical and economic region known as the eurozone. The euro area is one of the largest economic regions in the world. Eighteen of Europe`s 28 countries use the euro, which has boosted trade between its member states. Many small U.S. companies under NAFTA depended on exporting their products to Canada or Mexico. According to the U.S. Trade Representative, this trade has supported more than 140,000 small and medium-sized enterprises in the United States.  Fifth, all NAFTA countries were required to respect patents, trademarks and copyrights. At the same time, the agreement ensured that these intellectual property rights did not affect trade. The meat industry was one of the most affected agricultural sectors.
In 2004, Mexico moved from a small player in the U.S. export market to the second largest importer of U.S. agricultural products, and NAFTA may have been an important catalyst for this change. Free trade has removed barriers to business between the two countries, allowing Mexico to offer a growing meat market in the United States and increase sales and profits for the meat industry in the United States. A simultaneous and dramatic increase in Mexican GDP per capita has significantly changed meat consumption patterns due to increased per capita meat consumption.  A 2007 study showed that NAFTA had “a significant impact on the volume of international trade, but a modest influence on prices and well-being.” In 1992, President Bush (USA), Prime Minister Brian Mulroney (Canada) and President Salinas (Mexico) signed the North American Free Trade Agreement. The parties also signed two complementary agreements on labour and environmental protection. The three countries ratified the convention in 1993 and came into force on 1 January 1994. From the beginning, critics of NAFTA feared that the agreement would result in a move of U.S. jobs to Mexico, despite additional NAALCs. NAFTA, for example, has affected thousands of U.S. auto workers in this way.
Many companies have relocated their production to Mexico and other countries where labour costs are lower. However, NAFTA may not be the source of these measures. President Donald Trump`s USMCA should allay those concerns. The White House estimates that the USMCA will create 600,000 jobs and increase the economy by $235 billion. “The USMCA will provide our workers, farmers, ranchers and businesses with a quality trade agreement that will result in freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in our region. It will strengthen the middle class and create good, well-paying jobs and new opportunities for the nearly half a billion people who call North America home. Some small businesses have been directly affected by NAFTA. In the past, large firms have always had an advantage over small businesses, as large firms could afford to build and maintain offices and/or production sites in Mexico, which avoided many of the old trade restrictions on exports.